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A mountain is a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill. Mountains are formed through tectonic forces or volcanism. These forces can locally raise the surface of the earth. Mountains erode slowly through the action of. There are at least mountains on Earth with elevations greater than 7, metres (23, ft) above sea level. The vast majority of these mountains are located on the edge of the Indian subcontinent and Tibet, with some peaks in Central Asia. Only those summits are included that, by an objective measure, may be. This is an incomplete list of mountains on Earth, arranged by elevation in metres above sea level. For a complete list of mountains over m high, with at least m of prominence, see List of highest mountains. See also a list of mountains ranked by prominence.

Mountain, landform that rises prominently above its surroundings, generally exhibiting steep slopes, a relatively confined summit area, and considerable local relief. Mountains generally are understood to be larger than hills, but the term has no standardized geological meaning. Very rarely do mountains occur individually . 14 Jul From Everest to Annapurna, and all the peaks in between, these are some big mountains. When tectonic plates smash into each other, they push the Earth's crust higher and higher, forming mountains. Some mountain ranges, like the Himalayas, are still growing. Others, like the Appalachians, saw their heyday hundreds of millions of years ago and have been weathering away ever since. Volcanoes also form.

Mountains are in general a much tougher place to life than equivalent lowland habitats, partly due to the lower temperatures and harsher weather. What is a Mountain? The dictionary defines a mountain as that which is 'higher and steeper than a hill'. A mountain is a landform that rises high above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. They are made from rocks and earth. Generally, mountains are higher than metres. Those less than metres are called hills.


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